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The Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Fiction
General Editor: Brian W. Shaffer, Rhodes Professor of English and Dean of Academic Affairs for Faculty Development. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell. 1,584 pages. $495

With nearly 500 contributors, this encyclopedia is a comprehensive and authoritative reference guide to 20th-century fiction in the English language. It is one of three volumes covering British and Irish Fiction, American Fiction and World Fiction, with each volume edited by a leading scholar in the field.

Entries cover major writers such as Saul Bellow, Raymond Chandler, John Steinbeck, Virginia Woolf, A.S. Byatt, Samual Beckett, D.H. Lawrence, Zadie Smith, Salman Rushdie, V.S. Naipaul, Nadine Gordimer, Alice Munro, Chinua Achebe, J.M. Coetzee, and Ngūgī Wa Thiong’o, and their key works.

The volume also covers the genres and subgenres of fiction in English across the 20th century (including crime fiction, sci fi, chick lit, the noir novel and the avant-garde novel) as well as the major movements, debates and rubrics within the field (censorship, globalization, modernist fiction, fiction and the film industry, and the fiction of migration, Diaspora and exile).

Rammohun Roy and the Making of Victorian Britain
By Lynn Zastoupil, Rhodes’ J.J. McComb Professor of History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 276 pp. $80

Rammohun Roy (1772-1833), an Indian religious and educational reformer, is often called the father of modern India. The book investigates Roy as a transnational celebrity. It examines the role of religious heterodoxy—particularly Christian Unitarianism—in transforming a colonial outsider into an imagined member of the emerging Victorian social order. It uses his fame to shed fresh light on 19th-century British reformers, including advocates of liberty of the press, early feminists, free trade imperialists and constitutional reformers such as Jeremy Bentham. Roy’s intellectual agendas are also interrogated, particularly how he employed Unitarianism and the British satiric tradition to undermine colonial rule in Bengal and provincialize England as a laggard nation in the progress toward rational religion and political liberty.

Greater Freedom: The Evolution of the Civil Rights Struggle in Wilson, North Carolina
By Charles McKinney, Rhodes Assistant Professor of History. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. 314 pp. $41.50

Greater Freedom is a long-term community study of Wilson County, NC. Charting the evolution of Wilson’s civil rights movement, Professor McKinney argues that African Americans there created an expansive notion of freedom that influenced every aspect of life in the region and directly confronted the state’s reputation for moderation. He chronicles the approaches and perspectives that blacks in this eastern North Carolina county utilized to confront white supremacy to build a grassroots movement that helped shape the course of the national civil rights movement in America.

Colombia: Questions and Answers about its past and present
Co-edited by Michael LaRosa, Rhodes Associate Professor of History, and Diana Bonnett and Mauricio Nieto, Universidad de los Andes. Bogota: Editorial Uniandes. 394 pp. $

The book is a collection of 15 new and original essays by Colombian authors that “explore the totality of Colombia’s history,” according to Professor LaRosa. It is currently available in Spanish as Colombia: Preguntas y respustas sobre su pasado y su presente, but the editors plan to translate and publish the manuscript in English as well.

Dualities: A Theology of Difference
By Michelle Voss Roberts, Rhodes Assistant Professor of Religious Studies. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. 256 pp. $34.95

Both philosophy and theology have struggled with the problem of dualism, the assumption that reality can be split in two. Too often, that split places God, spirit, mind and the masculine in opposition to evil, body, matter and the feminine. Those intellectual divisions support social structures that oppress rather than embrace women, the poor, people of color and others. With this volume, Professor Voss Roberts shows how comparative theology uproots this dualism and fosters new modes of community built on cooperation rather than oppression.

Structuring Spaces: Oral Poetics and Architecture in Early Medieval England
By Lori Ann Garner, Rhodes Assistant Professor of English. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. 456 pp. $45

Through systematic exploration of the period’s verbal and material culture as complementary art forms, Professor Garner argues that in Anglo-Saxon England the arts of poetry and building emerged from the same cultural matrix. Not only did Anglo-Saxon builders and poets draw demonstrably from many of the same traditionally encoded motifs and images, but so rhetorically powerful was the period’s architectural poetics that its expressive force continued in literature and architecture produced long after the Norman Conquest.

After establishing a model of architectural poetics based on oral theory and vernacular architecture, Garner explores fictionalized buildings in such works as Beowulf and the Ruin, architectural representation in Old English adaptations of Greek and Latin works, uses of architectural metaphor, and themes of buildings in Anglo-Saxon maxims, riddles, elegies, hagiographies, and charms. Her book draws on scholarship from art history, archaeology, anthropology, and architecture, as well as the great wealth of studies addressing the literature itself.

God Is Not Nice: Growing Up in Christ in the Bible Belt—Prayers and Poems 1975-2010
By Patricia Gladney Holland ’64. Austin: Glad2b4u Press. 116 pp. $12

The book is a collection of writings from the past 35 years of Holland’s life, which she began in 1975 with a newborn baby in one arm and a 20-month-old diagnosed with mononucleosis in the other. “For the next several years,” says Holland, an ordained Presbyterian minister, “whenever I had strong feelings, I tried to distill them into a ‘poem.’ This discipline kept my mind and soul together during the diaper changing years and became a way of listening for the Holy Spirit at work deeply and gently within me.”

By Patricia Spears Jones ’73. Sylmar, CA: Tia Chucha Press. 76 pp. $15.95

Painkiller is the final book in a trilogy of collections that started with The Weather That Kills (1995), followed by Femme du Monde (1996). Of these three collections, the poems in Painkiller are the most emotional and intimate, yet the most universal as they look at the consequences of love found and lost; passions unleashed, terror from human conduct and the awesome power of natural disaster. While the collection responds in part to 9-11, many poems were written prior to that event. The collection explores one poet’s vision of the city, her friends, her lover, her losses and connects those individual perceptions to a suffering world in turmoil.