Courses

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Spring 2014 Courses PDF

 

Descriptions of course offerings are included below.

For advice on course selection, see Planning and Declaring a Major and be sure to speak with a faculty adviser.

Course numbering

History 100-level courses. Designed for first-year students and sophomores, these seminars focus on specific topics. These courses are writing intensive and fulfill one of the “written communication” requirements (F2i) under the Foundations Curriculum. They also fulfill the “historical forces (F3) requirement.

History 200-level courses. These courses cover a broad chronological span or large geographical area and are introductory in nature. In addition to mastering course content, students will begin to learn to think historically through interpretive writing assignments that require them to draw from and engage with course material and readings. Such courses are open to all students and normally fulfill the “historical forces” (F3) requirement. Several of these courses also fulfill the “cultural perspectives” (F9) requirement.

History 300-level courses: These courses focus on specific topics or time periods, while paying significant attention to historiography. Students are required to make a significant oral presentation. History 300 is a prerequisite or co-requisite for these courses.

History 400-level courses: These courses focus on specific topics or time periods, while paying significant attention to historiography. Students are required to complete a substantive research paper in which they engage substantially with primary sources. History 300 is a prerequisite or co-requisite for these courses.

Course Offerings

105. Introductory Seminars in History.

Fall, Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F2i, F3.

This writing intensive course provides an introduction to themes and topics from a variety of historical perspectives. Possible topics include: “Disease and Epidemics,” “British Empire through Film,” “The Algerian Revolution,” “Why Hitler?” “Americans in Paris.” May not be repeated for credit. Not open to juniors and seniors.

205. Selected Topics in History.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Introduction to selected periods in history. Varies with instructor. May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

207. Global Environmental History.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F11.

Major Requirement: Global/Comparative History

This course is an introduction to the field of environmental history. What can our environment tell us about our past? How have natural resources shaped patterns of human life in different regions of the world? What meanings have people attached to nature and how have those attitudes shaped their cultural and political lives? We will analyze the ecological context of human existence, with the understanding that the environment is an agent and a presence in human history. Because environmental change often transcends national boundaries, this course places important subjects like disease, agriculture, forests, water, industrialization, and conservationism into a global context. This course includes a lab for field excursions.

211. The Ancient Mediterranean.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

This course is an introductory survey of the history of the ancient Mediterranean from ca. 3000 B.C. to ca. A.D. 500 that focuses on the great civilizations of Egypt, Greece, Rome, and the Near East (e.g., Assyria and Persia.) Each civilization had its distinctive character, and yet vigorous cultural exchanges within the area, and beyond, led to the assimilation, adaptation, and sometimes even rejection by one culture of the ideas and practices of another. Thus, the course will track these interactions and examine their consequences for the historical development of Mediterranean civilizations. Also considered will be a rich variety of evidence that includes literary texts, inscribed documents, artifacts, coins, art, and architecture. (Course offered in alternate years.)

212. Medieval Europe.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

This course examines the transition from the world of late antiquity to that of the European Middle Ages, from the collapse of the Roman Empire through the fourteenth century. Lectures will focus on the medieval “braid” of Roman tradition, Christianity and Germanic custom. Topics will include patterns of migration, the Christianization of Europe, the development of social and political institutions, the conflicts between church and state, the urban revival of the eleventh century, and the intellectual “renaissance” of the twelfth century, culminating in the famine, plague, and chaos of the fourteenth century.

213. Renaissance and Reformation Europe.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

This course begins by examining the changes, as well as the medieval carry-overs, that brought about the period known as the Renaissance. The effects of impersonal forces such as climate change and epidemics, the impact of the discovery of the Americas, and a new understanding of human capabilities will be considered. The course then turns to a survey of the intellectual movements and of the religious, social, and political characteristics of European history from 1500 (the coming of the Reformation) to 1714 (the height of French power under Louis XIV.) The emphasis will fall upon those changes that prepared society for the transition to what is now considered the “modern” world. (Course offered in alternate years.)

215. Enlightenment and Revolution: Europe, 1714-1815.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Europe

The eighteenth century was an age of intellectual and political revolutions that destroyed what historians describe as the Old Regime. This course critically assesses the rhetoric, goals and legacy of the century’s key philosophic movement, the Enlightenment. It surveys the development of the Old Regime in the eighteenth century and seeks to interpret the social, economic and intellectual forces that tended to undermine it. Particular emphasis will be placed on the French Revolution, the overthrow of the Old Regime, the Reign of Terror and the rise and fall of the Napoleonic system in Europe.

216. Industrialism, Nationalism, and Imperialism: Europe, 1815-1914.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Europe

This course examines the impact of industrialization on the social, political, and intellectual life of Europe. The combination of nationalist idealism and the realism of state power that produced the unifications of Italy and Germany will be critically examined. The course will also examine the nationalist and imperialist rivalries that drove the European states to the brink of war after the turn of the century. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

217. The Age of Extremes:

European Culture and Society in the Twentieth Century.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Europe

By focusing on the experiences of ordinary people and significant shifts in their values, we will study how Europe evolved through what one historian has called an “age of extremes” in the twentieth century. Central issues will include the experience and legacies of “total war,” daily life under Nazi rule and in the Communist countries of Eastern Europe, the psychological impact of the Great Depression, and the various ways in which people struggled to redefine themselves as Europe faded from a position of world dominance.

224. British Empire and Its Enemies.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: Global/Comparative History.

This course addresses some of the major developments of the British Empire from the early 1600s to the 1980s. Emphasis is on the changing nature of the empire, its role in Britain’s rise and fall as a world power, the influence of empire on Britain’s political, economic, and cultural development, and the imperial impact on Britain’s colonies and possessions. Attention is also directed at the many enemies that the empire created, both in Britain and in the colonies. The course concludes by examining aspects of post-colonialism in Britain and its former possessions. (Course offered in alternate years.)

225. Modern Britain.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Europe

This course will introduce students to some of the major historical developments in Britain since 1688. The focus will be on political events, but some attention will also be paid to social, economic, religious, and intellectual developments. Topics to be discussed include: Glorious Revolution of 1688-89; corruption and reform in eighteenth-century politics; origins, nature, and impact of industrialism; evolution of parliament and emergence of the office of prime minister; impact of the French Revolution; reform and radical movements of the nineteenth century; imperialism; the British experience in World Wars One and Two; origins and nature of the welfare state; British society and politics since 1945; and the Americanization of Britain. (Course offered in alternate years.)

229. Imperial Russia.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Europe

How and why did Russia become the center of the world’s largest land empire only to collapse so suddenly in 1917? Beginning with the emergence of Rus and the development of the early Muscovite state, this course delves into the Russian Imperial period, examining the growth of the Russian Empire and highlighting certain topics, including the quest for modernization; the relationship between Russia and the rest of the world (both East and West); the beliefs, traditions, religion, and way of life of the Russian people; the rise of radical movements; and the revolution that brought down the Romanov dynasty. We will focus especially on aspects of Russian culture: literature, painting, and music. (Course offered in alternate years.)

231. North America in the Colonial and Revolutionary Eras.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course investigates British, French, Spanish, African, and Native American encounters in North America from the Age of Exploration through the early political development of the United States. Major themes include the tensions between individual and community interests, the origins and development of slavery, the emergence of capitalism, religious diversity, and the American Revolution. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

232. The United States in the Nineteenth Century.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course examines major social, political, economic, and cultural changes in the nineteenth century, including U.S. relations with Native North Americans, antebellum reform, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and industrialization. Major themes may include the rise and decline of sectionalism and transformations in gender and race relations, as well as questions of individualism and community, liberty and order.

233. The United States in the Twentieth Century.

Fall and Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course investigates major social, political, cultural, and economic changes in the twentieth century, from Progressivism through the end of the Cold War. Major themes may include the effects of world war and economic depression on society, the United States’ changing role in the global community, the rise and fall of American liberalism, the Vietnam War as watershed, and the emergence of cultural pluralism.

242. African-American History.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of United States

The experiences of African-American people in the United States can be described as a continuous quest for empowerment; this quest has been affected by myriad factors (e.g., gender roles, class divisions, secular and non-secular ideologies, regionalism) in addition to racism. This course, through the use of secondary and primary material, historical documentaries, and critical analyses, will chart the historically complex journeys of African Americans, from the impact of the African diaspora on colonial America to the Black student sit-ins and the formation of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee in 1960, and beyond.

243. The Civil Rights Movement.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course examines the social, political, and economic climate of the 1940s through the 1960s, and considers how both Blacks and Whites were affected. Specifically, the course will focus on various organizations and the strategies they implemented which resulted in events such as the Brown v. Board of Education case and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Additionally, the course will analyze the subtle and not-so-subtle reactions to initiatives that allowed African Americans to attain many of the rights and privileges that have become commonplace in today’s society. (Course offered in alternate years.)

244. History of Childhood in the United States.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F11.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course provides an examination of the ways in which the concept of childhood has been defined throughout United States history, as well as a study of how children themselves have influenced and shaped institutions, laws, and popular culture. A service-learning component is required. (Scheduled for 2013-2014.)

247. The American South.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course examines the social, political, and cultural history of the South as a distinct region of the United States. The course will include discussion of the origins of a slave society, the culture of slavery and the Old South, the Civil War and Reconstruction, political and cultural change in the New South, and the Civil Rights Movement.

249. Poverty in the United States.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course will examine attitudes toward the poor throughout the course of U.S. history, as well as the experiences of public and private relief organizations. Lectures and readings give attention to attempts to define “poverty,” to vagabond/homeless experiences, to problems facing the working poor, to private and public attempts to eradicate poverty, and the assessment of various programs of poor-relief, public assistance, and a family wage. Field trips and a community-based group project are required.

250. Gender in Nineteenth-Century America.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course will explore how Americans of different races, cultures, regions, and classes allocated responsibility and power to men and women. Topics include how the expansion of market capitalism, encounters between native peoples and colonizers, the growth of chattel slavery, the Civil War and industrialization transformed gender relations, as well as changing ideologies of masculinity and femininity. Sources will include scholarly monographs, first-hand narratives, maps, popular literature, photographs, and fiction, as well as painting and advertising from the period. (Course offered in alternate years.)

255. United States Political History, 1896-1960.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F8.

Major Requirement: History of United States

As the United States began its rise to the status of superpower in the 20th century, Americans also began to fashion new political ideologies and policies to contend with changes in the expanding nation. Students in this course will examine the origins of modern liberalism in the Progressive Era, its rise and expansion during the New Deal, the challenges of 20th century conservatism, and political debates during World War II and the Cold War. In addition, the course will focus on changing campaign techniques, the importance of voting rights, and increased importance of international relations in American politics. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

256. United States Political History, 1960 to the present.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F8.

Major Requirement: History of United States

What was the lasting legacy of “The Sixties”? What was the “Reagan Revolution”? How did liberalism, one of the dominant ideologies of the 20th century America, get transformed into the “L” word in current political debates? This course will attempt to answer these and other questions surrounding modern American political history. Along with the emergence of the New Left and the New Right, students will examine the influence of race in political debates, the arguments over the size and scope of American government, and the direction of American politics in the 21st century. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

261. Colonial Latin America.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of Latin America

This course surveys the history of Latin America in the period before the Revolutions of Independence (before 1810). After studying the Native American (principally Aztec, Inca, Chibcha and Maya) and European (Spanish and Portuguese) civilizations that shaped the formation of colonial Latin American history, the conquest, the institutions and the social history/movements during this historical period will be addressed in a thematic fashion.

262. Contemporary Latin America.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of Latin America

This course surveys the history of Modern Latin America from the period of Independence (1810-1824) to the present, addressing the economic and social development of the Latin American region. Certain themes, such as religion, poverty, violence and foreign intervention will be covered in depth. Feature films, recent literature and oral history testimony will serve as “tools” for understanding contemporary Latin America.

267. Mexico: From Pre-Columbian Peoples to the Present.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3.

Major Requirement: History of Latin America

This course focuses on Mexico as a geographic unit and addresses, principally, the social, cultural and economic history of the peoples who have inhabited Mexico. Beginning with an examination of pre-Columbian history, the course moves in a mostly chronological fashion, focusing on the European conquest of Mexico (1519-1521), colonial institutions and actors, nineteenth-century independence, politics, and instability. The course concludes with an examination of twentieth-century revolution (1911 and after), reform and identity. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

275. The Making of the Modern Middle East.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of North Africa/Middle East

This course is an introductory class to the history of the Middle East from Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt in 1798 until the end of World War I. Investigating the history of this period provides the necessary backdrop for understanding the intellectual vibrancy and political turbulence of the Arab world in present day. The main question for consideration is which forces and what sort of transformations shaped the region over the course of the 19th and early 20th centuries. By exploring critical political, social, intellectual, and economic themes such as reforms, colonialism, Arab nationalism, and the impact of Zionism, we will identify the main internal and external forces and processes that shaped the modern Middle East. The course also examines the way historical discourse is formed.

276. Re-Making the Twentieth-Century Middle East.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of North Africa/Middle East

This course examines the history of Middle Eastern states and societies from World War I to the present, including the Arab countries as well as Iran, Israel and Turkey. The course surveys the main political, social, economic, and intellectual currents of the 20th-century Middle East and provides a basis for understanding both the domestic and international politics of the region. Topics include imperialism, nationalism, state and class formation, religion, Orientalism, women, the politics of oil, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Iranian revolution, the Gulf War and 9/11 and its aftermath.

281. East Asia in the Modern World.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of Asia

This course presents a survey of the modern experiences of five different Asian nations: China, Japan, Mongolia, Korea, and Vietnam. The emphasis will be on the period from World War II to the present, to examine these different countries’ experiences with nationalism, world war, civil war, revolution, and modernization along with the tenacity of tradition. The course also will examine the relationships among these nations and their significance in the modern world.

282. Traditional China.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History Asia, Period pior to 1500.

Beginning with the earliest evidence of human civilization in the region, this course traces the emergence of political states within China and their eventual unification into a single empire, an institution that persisted for millennia. Throughout this process the development of literature, religion, philosophy, and material culture in Chinese society all played a role in shaping the character of China today.

283. Modern China.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of Asia

For millennia the Chinese viewed their emperor as the Son of Heaven and their empire as the center of the world. Following Columbus and the Age of Exploration, however, in the sixteenth-century Europeans began arriving in China in unprecedented numbers, precipitating a crisis in Chinese society. This course examines the dynamics of China’s relationship with the outside world and the subsequent transition that China made from empire to nation. Modernization continued in the twentieth century and with it came social revolution and conflict with the United States, a legacy that continues to inform our relationship with the world’s most populous nation.

288. Japan since 1800

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of Asia

This course is designed to provide the students with a general understanding of Japan’s history since 1800. Topics in this course include general issues in the process of modernization such as industrialization, construction of mass culture, development of science and technology, and modern formation of everyday life. This course also focuses on particular issues in modern Japanese history such as the impact of the West, colonialism and imperialism, (post) war and democracy. Although this course is a general survey, it intends to challenge the constructed images of Japanese history and culture. For this purpose, issues on trans-national and trans-cultural history will be considered throughout the course.

293. Ancient and Medieval India.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of Asia, Period prior to 1500

This course explores India from the era of the Indus civilization through the death of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707 CE. Topics include the Harappa culture, Aryan migrations and emergence of Hinduism, Gangetic culture and rise of the Mauryan and Gupta empires, Islamic invasions and creation of the Delhi sultanate, and the Vijayanagar Empire. The course concludes with a close examination of the rise and fall of the Mughal Empire, one of the world’s greatest empires. Considerable attention will also be devoted to religious, social, and cultural developments, including the evolution of Hinduism, the caste system, Islamic culture in India, religious reform movements, and architecture. (Course offered in alternate years.)

294. Modern India.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F9.

Major Requirement: History of Asia

This course surveys the history of South Asia following the collapse of the Mughal Empire in the early eighteenth century through the post-colonial period of the late twentieth century. Focus is on political, religious, and socio-economic developments such as the post-Mughal political order; the origins and nature of the British Raj; nationalism and the struggle for independence; religious revival and political identity; partition and its aftermath; and the post-colonial order in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. (Course offered in alternate years.)

300. The Historian’s Craft: Methods and Approaches in the Study of History.

Fall, Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F2i.

This course introduces prospective history majors and minors to the experience of how historians perform their craft. Each seminar will address research methods, historical writing, and interpretive analysis. Students will be introduced to historiography, the use of primary sources, and ethical issues in writing history. Course work will culminate in an original research paper. An oral presentation will also be required of all students. Should be taken before or at the same time as 300- or 400-level seminars.

305. Advanced Seminar on Special Topics.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Advanced study of selected periods and topics in history. Varies with instructor. May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

307. Nature and War.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: Global/Comparative History

This course investigates how wars have shaped the natural environment and how nature has shaped war in the modern era. More than simply a look at the ravages of war on nature, this course considers the complex relationship between humans and the natural world. The various topics we will consider include chemical and biological warfare, repairing embattled landscapes, the growing military-industrial complex, disposing of nuclear waste, and the increasing number of conflicts over natural resources. Students will learn how to critically assess the ecological impact of war, as well as its societal and political repercussions. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

309. Natural Disasters.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: Global/Comparative History

This course explores the histories of several “natural disasters” to discover how humans have understood and responded to environmental events beyond their control. The course begins with a conceptual conversation about the relationship between environment and society within the context of disaster, and then proceeds to explore the stories of several events -- such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, and fires. We will also consider how disasters are woven into the historical memories of various societies and used as reference points to understand both the past and the future. Each student will conduct research and make a significant oral presentation as part of the course.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

311. The Rise and Fall of Athens.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

This course offers a comprehensive survey of the history of Athens from the age of Solon and the birth of democracy in the 6th century BCE to the tumultuous post-Peloponnesian War period (404-399), which saw the collapse of the Athenian empire, tyranny and foreign occupation, and the execution of its greatest citizen, Socrates. Particular attention will be paid to the major political, social, and cultural developments, as we try to understand the factors that contributed to the growth and decline of Athenian civilization. Among the many themes and topics we will examine are: the theory and practice of Athenian democracy; political dissent; imperialism and the Athenian empire; the rhetoric of war; work and leisure; the position of slaves, foreigners, and women in Athenian society; classical art and architecture; and tragedy as a “civic discourse.” (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

312. The Fall of the Roman Republic.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

Rome’s transition from Republic to Empire, when power shifted from the Senate and People to a single emperor, is one of the most well-known periods of Roman history, involving a number of famous characters: Julius Caesar, Cicero, Pompey, and Augustus. In this course, we will investigate the nature and causes of the fall of the Roman Republic. What was the Republic, and why did it end? How did Rome come to be ruled by emperors? Focusing especially on the last century BC, we will examine Roman politics and society to find answers to a question that has perplexed some of the greatest thinkers of the last two millennia: How does a proud and powerful republic fall into one-man rule? In the process, we will problematize the study of the “fall,” considering questions such as the following: Was the Roman Republic really so different from the Empire? What are the continuities between these two eras, and where does the break really occur? (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

313. The Roman Empire and Late Antiquity.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

This course studies the end of the Ancient World and the emergence of the Middle Ages. We start with the Roman Empire at the peak of its power and proceed to study its dramatic crisis, transformation and eventual fall. The barbarian invasions, the diffusion of Christianity, the establishment of a powerful Catholic church, the emergence of new artistic traditions, and the rise of Islam are some of the themes covered in this wide-ranging survey. Students will have the opportunity to meet and understand characters such as Constantine, Attila the Hun, Augustine of Hippo, Justinian and Muhammad. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

315. What Were the Crusades?

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

This course is an introduction to the history and historiography of the crusading movement of the Middle Ages. Students will examine both the major crusading expeditions as well as the concept of the crusade as it developed following the calling of the first crusade by Pope Urban II at the council of Clermont in 1095. Readings will cover the social and military history of the crusading expeditions, the intellectual background to the ideology, the experience of crusading, the massacres of Jews by the crusading armies, and the reactions to the crusaders by Byzantine and Muslim populations. Attention will also be given to the problem of defining a crusade and how the crusading era helped to set the stage for later relations between the West and the Middle East. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

327. Germany at War.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe

This course explores the ways in which war has shaped modern Germany. Students examine the wars of German unification in the nineteenth century, the two world worlds in the twentieth century, and the hostilities between East and West Germany during the Cold War. Our concern is not with tactics, battle history, or the deeds of great generals. Rather we consider the strains that war caused in Germany society, including the tensions between democracy and authoritarianism, the pressures of industrial might and socialist unrest, and conflicting notions of class, race, and citizenship. Students will become acquainted with how war serves as a lever of change in the making of a modern state. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

341. Native America and American History.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course explores the history of selected Native American cultures, inter-tribal relations, and relations with Euro-American colonizers in North America. The evolution of United States Indian policy, as well as key shifts in Native American strategies of survival form the chronological framework of the course. Recent scholarship, combined with Native American oral history, autobiography, fiction, and film will shed light on issues of sovereignty, conquest, resistance, syncretism, and the evolution of cultural identities. (Course offered every third year.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

342. Slavery in the United States.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

The purpose of this course is to attain a fundamental knowledge of one of the most complex and controversial experiences in United States history. This course will examine various social, economic, and political factors in an attempt to explain why slavery developed as it did. Also, because slavery remained in the United States over such a long period (approximately 240 years), we will discuss how it changed over time. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

349. Black and White Women in the American South.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

Using a variety of genres including autobiography, demographics, fiction, court records, film, and women’s history, students will explore the many public and private roles that Southern women have filled from colonial days to the present. Emphasis will be placed on the distinctiveness of Southern society and its complex cultural diversity.

351. United States Constitutional History to 1865.

Spring, Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course examines American constitutionalism from the colonial era through the Civil War. Topics include American revolutionary ideology, the Constitutional Convention, the early nineteenth-century Supreme Court’s exercise of judicial review, and the new republic’s attempts to deal with such issues as federalism, the separation of powers, the government’s role in an expanding economy, and the fate of slavery in new territories. In contrast to a constitutional law course, this class is more concerned with how American constitutionalism both shaped and responded to larger political and social developments, and less concerned with the evolution of constitutional doctrine in and of itself. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

352. United States Constitutional History since 1865.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course examines American constitutionalism from the Reconstruction period to the 1990s. In particular, the course focuses on the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the constitutional issues surrounding Reconstruction and civil rights, industrialization and economic expansion, the rise of national regulatory power, and the expansion of individual rights. In contrast to a constitutional law course, this class is more concerned with how American constitutionalism both shaped and responded to larger political and social developments, and less concerned with the evolution of constitutional doctrine in and of itself. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2014-2015.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

354. Interpreting American Lives.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F3, F5.

Major Requirement: History of United States

A collaboration between History and Theater, this course immerses students in archival research and historical scholarship as routes into collective memory. Students will develop a performance piece based on their research, after practice and experimentation with scripting, staging, and acting. Topics will be drawn from controversial elements of the American past, such as the Pocahontas myth, the Cherokee Removal, the Mountain Meadows Massacre, the Missouri Sharecroppers Strike of 1939, or the post-World War II Red Scare.

360. Public History/Internship

Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F11.

This course focuses on both the theory and practice of public history. The “theory” portion is covered in class sessions, while the “practice” occurs through an internship at a local archive, museum, or preservation agency. Because all of the internships are located in Memphis and in some way involve the history of the city and the surrounding region, we will devote the first portion of the semester to surveying the history of Memphis. By the end of the semester, students should have a general understanding of how public historians practice their craft and an appreciation for the history of Memphis and the Mid-South region. To enroll, students must be approved in advance by the instructor and the Office of Career Services.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

363. History of U.S.-Latin American Relations.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Latin America

This course provides an examination of the history of United States - Latin American relations, beginning with tensions created by the Latin American Wars for Independence (1810-1824). U.S. priorities, dating from the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, are studied in light of specific policies and actions taken by the U.S. in the region. Specifically, the Mexican-American War, the Spanish-American War, the Good Neighbor and The Alliance for Progress will be examined in depth.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

364. History of Religion in Latin America.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Latin America

This course examines the history of religion and religious tradition in Latin America, beginning with an analysis of pre-Columbian religious history and study of the imposition of Christianity with the arrival of the Spaniards and Portuguese. Syncretic identity, politics and religion and the recent growth of evangelical Protestantism in Latin America will be some of the major themes addressed. (Course offered every third year.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

365. Infinite Border: The United States and Mexico in Historic Perspective.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: Global/Comparative

This course is designed as an introduction to historical awareness, historical thinking, and historical methodology. Our objective is to understand how the history of the Border (the border separating the United States and Mexico) has shaped political, economic, historic and cultural realities, for centuries, at a place that’s neither fixed nor clear. Students will study primary documents, read essays/literary accounts, and view films to arrive at a more complete understanding of the history, tragedy and possibility of the border.  

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

375. Islamic History and Civilization.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of North Africa/Middle East, Period prior to 1500

This course is a thematic introduction to many of the events, figures, texts and ideas that have been central to Islamic thought and identity over the centuries. While we will study many major historical events, particularly in the early centuries of the Islamic era, the course is not intended as a comprehensive historical survey; instead, we will focus on some of the pivotal moments that have been most meaningful in the eyes of later generations of Muslims. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

391. Gandhi.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Asia

This course explores the life and thought of Mohandas Gandhi. It traces his transformation from an insecure Hindu aping British culture to a self-confident Indian leading a nationalist revolt that captivated the world. This transformation is used to examine larger currents in Indian history, such as the nature of cultural imperialism, the emergence of Hindu nationalism, and the story of India’s independence movement. Attention is also directed at Gandhi’s views on Hindu-Muslim relations, the emergence of Pakistan, and plight of the so-called Untouchables. The origins, nature, and problems of his theory of non-violent resistance are also explored. The course concludes with a brief examination of what happened to Gandhi’s ideas after Indian independence. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

395. The Imperial Idea.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: Global/Comparative History

The past two decades have witnessed an explosion of scholarly interest in European imperialism as a cultural and intellectual phenomenon. This course examines some of main currents of this trend, focusing on the modern period and the British empire, which has drawn the lion’s share of attention. The course will begin by examining how leading intellectuals in Europe and its colonies engaged the idea of empire; the authors we will read may include John Locke, J. G. Herder, Edmund Burke, J. S. Mill, George Orwell, and Frantz Fanon. After this, the course will turn to critical studies of empire emanating from those engaged in literary discourse theory and postcolonial studies. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

405. Advanced Seminars on Special Topics.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Advanced research seminars in selected topics in history. Varies with instructor. May be repeated for credit when topics vary.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

414. Christians, Muslims, and Jews in Medieval Spain.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

This course investigates the 750 years of coexistence between Christians, Muslims, and Jews on the Iberian Peninsula, from the Muslim arrival in 711 to the end of the Christian reconquest in 1492. Readings from primary sources in translation from all three communities will consider the artistic and intellectual achievements of the era as well as the political history of medieval Spain. Special attention will be given to the complex nature of interfaith relations. It is hoped that by the end of the class students will have a good understanding of the major historical developments that shaped and gave rise to the country now known as Spain and that students will be familiar with some of the historiographical debates that have surrounded, and continue to inform, the study of medieval Spain. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

415. The Twelfth-Century Renaissance.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe, Period prior to 1500

This seminar will explore the wide range of intellectual, political, institutional, spiritual, and cultural developments of Western Europe between the late eleventh century and the early thirteenth century, an epoch commonly referred to by medievalists as the “renaissance of the twelfth century.” These developments include the study of the liberal arts in cathedral schools and the first universities, the growth of cities, the centralization of political authority in France and England, the rise of papal power, the spiritual renewal associated with new monastic orders, and the music and poetry of the traveling Minstrels of France and Germany that embodied the twelfth-century spirit of chivalry and courtly love. Many individual authors and texts will be read and discussed, such as the letters of Abelard and Heloise, the defense of liberal arts penned by John of Salisbury, and the mystical writings of Hildegard of Bingen. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

427. The Great War.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: Global/Comparative History

This course explores the comprehensive impact of the First World War from a global perspective. We will examine how aspects of the international system led to the outbreak of war in August 1914, the experience of war around the world, interactions between civilians and soldiers, the tensions between minorities and authorities, atrocities and genocide, and the attempt to establish a lasting peace in 1919. Central to the course will be the ways in which the Great War shaped the twentieth century. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

428. Fascist Europe, 1918-1945.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe

This seminar investigates one of the most tumultuous eras in European history by exploring the political and cultural development known as “fascism.” Radicalized by World War and Depression, adherents of this new political philosophy gained control of several European countries and transformed them from liberal democracies to totalitarian states. Concentrating on culture and society, we will explore why and how such groups came to power in countries including Italy and Germany, what fascists believed, the elements of their programs, and the legacies they left behind. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

429. Europe since 1945.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Europe

This course examines various aspects of European culture, politics, and society since World War II. In particular, we investigate the legacies of war and Holocaust; the creation and collapse of Cold War era communism; Europe’s relations with the rest of the world through decolonization, immigration, and globalization; and multiple challenges to Western value systems. Students are expected to read numerous works of historical scholarship, write a substantial analytical essay, participate actively in class discussion, and give oral presentations in class. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

432. Colonial North America.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This seminar explores a variety of interpretations of the colonial experience in North America. Emphasis will be on the interaction of cultures and the evolution of political and social systems. Students will explore primary documents and autobiography, culminating in a research paper. (Course offered every third year, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

434. The Early Republic of the United States, 1789-1845.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This seminar examines the political, social, and cultural history of the United States from the adoption of the Constitution in 1789 through 1845. Particular attention is given to the thought of Thomas Jefferson, religious revivalism and social reform, the formation of an American culture, the rise of northern capitalism, the changing role of women, and the hardening of slaveholding ideology. (Course offered every third year.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

435. The American Civil War and Reconstruction Era.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This seminar will investigate the political, social, and constitutional developments surrounding the American Civil War. Topics include the development of antebellum society in the North and South, the rise of sectional political tensions, the social impact of the war on black and white Americans, and post-war attempts to reconstruct the social, political, and constitutional order. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

436. The Origins of Modern America, 1877-1918.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This seminar deals with the social, economic, political, and constitutional development of the United States from the Reconstruction Era through the end of World War I. Topics include the rise of a corporate capitalist economic order, the creation of a post-Reconstruction southern identity, tensions between black and white Americans, the United States’ involvement in Europe’s Great War, and the rise of the national regulatory state. (Course offered every third year.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

439. Recent History of the United States.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This seminar examines the evolution of American society since 1945. Special attention is given to the Cold War, political developments, and the cultural transformation of the 1960s and 1970s, and the resurgence of conservatism. (Course offered in alternate years, scheduled for 2013-2014.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

441. Interpretive Issues in Native American History.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This seminar explores significant issues in the history of Native North Americans, in both Canada and the United States. Topics include Indians and race relations in the American South, public health crises and revitalization movements, the intersections of tribalism and capitalism, Indian military service in Vietnam, and powwow cultures in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. (Course offered every third year.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor. History 341 recommended.

445. Gender in the American West.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This seminar investigates changing gender systems in the trans-Mississippi West, from early contact between European and Native peoples through twentieth-century industrial migrations. Major themes include human interactions with the natural environment, the convergence of cultures, conquest and colonization, the expansion of capitalism, and their impact on gender systems. Students will consider the nature of gender on ‘frontiers’ of individual and community transformation, as well as problematic connections between the politics of gender in the West and the imagined West of myth and lore. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

447. African American Activism.

Fall, Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course is a survey of African American activism in the United States from 1830 to the middle of the twentieth century. During the semester, we will cover a range of issues and topics, many of which will challenge traditional notions of what constitutes “activism”. The course is primarily structured chronologically, which means that we will cover several dominant themes of African American history, such as resistance to slavery, life in the Jim Crow South, racial violence, black institution building, cultural responses to oppression, and the beginning years of the civil rights movement. Throughout the course, we will use primary documents, books, oral histories, music and websites to further illumine the themes, people and events that make up the content of the course. In our explorations, it is important to remember at least two points: first, that there has always been a movement for black self-determination, participation and recognition in American society, in short, a civil rights movement; and second, that the record of African American sources must be read with this in mind. (Course offered in alternate years.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

448. Law and Justice in the American South.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This seminar investigates the history of law and lawlessness in the American South from the early nineteenth century to the late twentieth century. Students will explore the developments of substantive law, constitutional thought, and legal institutions in the southern states, as well as white and black southerners’ attitudes about law and justice. Specific topics will include honor and violence in the Old South, the law of slavery, communal justice and lynching, and the effect of religious values on substantive law and constitutional ideals. (Course offered every third year.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

456. Cold War America.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of United States

This course surveys the United States’ involvement in the Cold War and how conflict with the Soviet Union shaped postwar international affairs, domestic politics, and American culture society. Students will learn about the rise of the Soviet-American global rivalry and how this competition played itself out in different theatres. Readings will cover the growth of tensions over issues like the Truman Doctrine or Communist control of Vietnam, as well as Cold War nuclear politics. Further, the course will examine Cold War culture in the United States and discuss issues of consensus and dissent in American society. (Course offered every third year.)

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

461. Internship.

Fall, Spring. Credits: 2.

Directed internship in law, business, government, or the non-profit sector. To enroll, students must be approved in advance by the instructor and the Office of Career Services. (Does not fulfill the requirements of the major or minor. Taken pass-fail only.)

475. Colonial Encounters in North Africa.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of North Africa/Middle East

The history of modern North Africa, or the Maghrib, has been deeply marked by the experience of colonization. To understand the contemporary Maghrib, one has to study its colonial past and its lasting impact on post-independence states and societies. We will approach the colonial experience of the Maghrib as a colonial encounter between colonizers and colonized. We will critically examine these clear-cut categories and we will seek to identify the processes by which these categories were mutually shaped in intimate engagement and opposition. Through engagement with different themes relating to the colonial experience of the Maghrib and its aftermath, the course will take us from the beginning of the 19th Century to the late 20th Century.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

481. Cold War in East Asia.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Major Requirement: History of Asia

By reexamining the history and politics of the Cold War in East Asia, this course aims to broaden our understanding of post WW II and contemporary East Asian society and culture. Instead of following the conventional interpretation of the Cold War as ideological and political conflicts between the United States and the Soviet Union, this course focuses on how major historical changes in East Asia – Japan’s surrender in 1945, Mao’s Communist China, two “hot wars” (the Korean War and the Vietnamese War) – shaped ideology-oriented socio-cultural spaces and regulated everyday life in East Asia. Another task of this course is to relate the history of the Cold War to contemporary issues in East Asia such as the rise of China, nuclear crisis in North Korea and post- Cold War East Asian regional community.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: History 300 or the permission of the instructor.

485. Senior Seminar.

Fall, Spring. Credits: 4.

The senior seminar is an examination of important themes and issues in the study and writing of history, as seen through selected representative works drawn from diverse fields of historical investigation. Emphasis will be on reading and discussion, with both written analyses and oral presentations required. (Open only to senior history majors.)

490. Directed Research.

Fall, Spring. Credits: 4.

Under the direct supervision of a faculty member, a student may pursue a research project of his/her own design. The student must produce a substantive research paper in which he/she engages substantially with primary sources. The paper should result in either a conference presentation or submission for publication. This course can substitute for one of the 400-level courses required for the major, but may not be repeated for credit. Must be arranged between a faculty member and a student.

Prerequisites: History 300 and the permission of the instructor.

495-496. Honors Research.

Fall, Spring. Credits: 4.

Must have departmental approval before undertaking Honors Research. (Does not fulfill the requirements of the major or minor.)