Biology

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PROFESSORS

Terry W. Hill. 1978. B.A., University of South Florida; M.S., Ph.D., University of Florida. (Cell biology, microbiology, biology of fungi.)

Gary J. Lindquester. 1988. B.S., Furman University; M.S., Ph.D., Emory University. (Molecular biology, virology, immunology.)

John S. Olsen. 1977. Associate Dean of Academic Affairs for Faculty Personnel. B.S., M.S., University of Illinois; Ph.D., University of Texas. (Systematics, evolution, plant taxonomy, morphology.)

ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS

Jonathan Fitz Gerald. 2007. B.S., University of California at Irvine; Ph.D., University of Chicago. (Plant biology, development.)

Alan P. Jaslow. 1984. B.S., University of Wisconsin; M.S., Ph.D., University of Michigan. (Vertebrate biology, functional morphology, animal communication.)

Carolyn R. Jaslow. 1988. Chair. B.A., Mount Holyoke College; M.S., Ohio University; Ph.D., University of Chicago. (Histology, mammalogy, reproductive biology, embryology.)

Mary Miller. 2001. B.A., University of Tennessee; Ph.D., University of Virginia. (Genetics, microbiology, cancer biology, cell biology.)

ASSISTANT PROFESSORS

Sarah Boyle. 2009. B.A., College of William and Mary; Ph.D., Arizona State University. (Ecology, conservation biology, tropical field biology.)

Michael D. Collins. 2010. B.S., University of Arizona; M.S., Florida State University; Ph.D., University of Tennessee. (Ecology, ornithology, wildlife biology, statistics.)

Rachel Jabaily. 2011. B.S., University of Wyoming; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. (Systematics, plant biology, evolution.)

Laura Luque de Johnson. 2008. B.S., Florida International University; M.S., Ph.D., University of Texas at Dallas. (Microbiology, parasitology.)

David Kabelik. 2009. H.B.Sc., University of Toronto; Ph.D., Arizona State University. (Physiology, neuroscience, animal behavior.)

Oliver E. Sturm. 2011. Dipl. Chemiker, University of Bayreuth (Germany); Ph.D., Imperial College (London). (Molecular biology, systems biology, immunology.)

STAFF

Karen Thomas. 2007. Biology Department Assistant. B.A., Baylor University.

Sarah Hasty. 2009. Biology Department Lab Supervisor and Biological Safety Officer. B.S., Louisiana State University; M.S., University of Memphis.

REQUIREMENTS FOR A MAJOR IN BIOLOGY LEADING TO THE B.S. DEGREE

A total of fifty-three to fifty-seven (53-57) credits as follows:

  1. Biology 130-131L, 140-141L.
  2. Six upper-level courses; at least four of which must have an associated lab experience. Normally four of the six courses used to satisfy these requirements must be taken within the Biology Department at Rhodes. Four credits of Research in Biology (451 or 452) can satisfy one upper-level course with lab requirement. Courses taught outside the department that can satisfy upper level course requirements for the biology major, subject to the limit indicated above, are Chem 416, Chem 414 (Chem 414 with BMB 310 may satisfy a course with lab requirement), Neur 270 (Neur 270 with Neur 350 may satisfy a course with lab requirement), and certain courses approved by the Department Chair for transfer credit.
  3. Biology 485 or 486.
  4. Chemistry 120-120L and 211.
  5. One course from Math 111, Econ 290, or Psych 211.
  6. One course from Math 115, Math 121, or Computer Science 141.

Students, in consultation with their advisers, should select a diversity of upper level courses, thereby gaining experience in different areas of biology. Satisfying the prerequisites for courses is the student’s responsibility; however, in special circumstances, students with advance permission of the instructor may enroll in a course without meeting prerequisites.

Courses and accompanying laboratories of the same name are linked co-requisites and must be taken together unless approved by petition to the department. Unless otherwise noted, courses meet under the standard class schedule and laboratories meet for a three-hour period; laboratories also often require further project work outside the scheduled lab time.

Students seeking a double major must have at least four upper-level courses for the Biology major that are not used to satisfy requirements for the other major.

Course Offerings

104. Topics in Biology.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Topics in Biology courses provide an in-depth understanding of a topic in the Biological Sciences. As in other introductory biology courses, each Topics course details fundamental principles and concepts in the discipline but in the context of a specific topic. Topics in Biology may be taken as elective credit by students majoring in Biology provided they have not already taken an upper level Biology course of similar content; however, Topics in Biology will not satisfy a course requirement for the major in Biology.

105. Topics in Biology with Laboratory.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

Degree Requirements: F7.

Similar to Biology 104 but includes a laboratory component.

115, 115L. Human Anatomy and Physiology I with Lab.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Consortium course at Christian Brothers University. An introduction to human anatomy and physiology designed for and required by some nursing, physical therapy, and physician assistant programs. Often accepted to fulfill Anatomy and/or Physiology requirements at pharmacy programs. This course is not designed or recommended for those seeking acceptance at medical, dental, or veterinary medical schools. This course is taught by and at our cross-town partner, Christian Brothers University. Availability is learned at the start of their semester. Registration requires specific steps. Instructions are available from Dr. Alan Jaslow. Biology 115, 115L will not satisfy a course requirement for the major in Biology.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L, Chemistry 120.

116, 116L. Human Anatomy and Physiology II with Lab.

Spring. Credits: 4.

Consortium course at Christian Brothers University. A continuation following Human Anatomy and Physiology I. Same specifics as Biology 115, 115L, listed above.

Prerequisite: Biology 115 (the CBU offering, or permission of the instructor only).

120. Introduction to Environmental Sciences.

Fall, Credits: 4.

Degree requirements: F7.

This course focuses on a scientific understanding of the environment as well as on people’s impact upon the natural world. Emphasis is on critical evaluation of environmental issues based on scientific principles. The fundamental ecological principles are the foundations for the students’ learning and understanding of, among others, human population dynamics, natural resources, energy sources and their use, and sustainable human systems. Through field-based laboratories, the students learn how to evaluate and quantify the ecosystem services provided by an urban park like Overton Park. During the semester students collect and analyze data to estimate selected ecosystem services such as: climate regulation or carbon dioxide removal, and water purification. Biology 120 will not satisfy a course requirement for the major in Biology.

130, 131L. Biology I.

Fall. Credits: 3, 1.

Degree Requirements: F7.

An examination of the structure and functions of life at the cellular level. Topics include the organization of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, the role of proteins in cell structure and metabolism, membrane structure and function, bioenergetics, interactions between a cell and its environment, and the mechanisms of heredity. Laboratory work provides an introduction to investigative techniques in biology and skills required for the analysis and presentation of scientific findings. Biology 130 and 131L are linked co-requisites. Both must be completed successfully for F7 credit.

140, 141L. Biology II.

Spring. Credits: 4, 1.

A study of biological principles at the level of organisms and above. This course covers the mechanisms of evolution; plant and animal development, anatomy, and physiology; behavior and ecology. Laboratory stresses the importance of hypothesis testing. Biology 140 and 141L are linked co-requisites.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L.

160. An International Experience in Health Care:

Improving Infection Prevention and Control in Central America.

Summer. Credits: 2.

Degree Requirements: F11.

Rhodes students participating in this International Experience in Health Care will have the opportunity of traveling to Central America, while assisting in monitoring public hospitals for basic infection prevention and control procedures. The course will focus on the prevention and control of nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections. Students will have an opportunity to experience a different culture and learn about the health care system of another country. Biology 160 will not satisfy a course requirement for the major in Biology. (Course normally offered in alternate years; anticipated for Summer 2014.)

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L, or Chemistry 120. Spanish not required, but preferred.

200, 200L Evolution.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4, 1.

Evolution is the grand unifying idea of biology. This study of the evolutionary process will include discussion of the genetic mechanisms of variation, natural selection, change in populations, speciation, coevolution, hominid evolution and biogeography, as well as applications of evolutionary biology to real-world problems. The history of evolutionary ideas from before Darwin to the present will also be covered. Laboratories will involve original research design, data analysis, discussion of a many types of literature and presentation of ideas in a variety of formats.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L, and 140, 141L.

201, 201L. Mycology

Spring. Credits: 4, 1.

The study of life’s “fifth kingdom”: the fungi. Even though they share an equal evolutionary standing with plants and animals, to most persons fungi remain amongst the most mysterious and ill-defined of nature’s inhabitants. Just what is a fungus anyway? Where do fungi live, and what are they doing out there? This course will provide answers to questions like these, as well as provide examples of the practical uses of fungi in industry and research, as well as of the roles that some of them play as agents of disease. Laboratory work includes methods for isolating and identifying fungi from nature, basic techniques for characterizing and manipulating fungal growth, and the essentials of genetic analysis. Students also gain practical experience with how fungi are used in the production of commercial products, specifically foods and alcoholic beverages. (Course normally offered in alternate years; anticipated for 2014-2015.)

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L, and 140, 141L (or permission of the instructor.)

202. Vertebrate Life.

Spring. Credits: 4.

A study of the diversity of vertebrates including past and present radiations. This course focuses on the various and diverse adaptations in behavior, ecology, morphology and physiology that allow vertebrates to successfully inhabit water, air and land. (Course normally offered in alternate years; anticipated for 2014-2015.)

Prerequisites: Biology 140, 141L.

204, 204L. Mechanisms of Development.

Spring. Credits: 4, 1.

Development is the process by which a multi-cellular organism constructs itself from a single egg cell. This course examines the cellular and genetic mechanisms required for pattern formation, differentiation, morphogenesis and other events that shape the organism during development. These phenomena will be explored in the context of evolution and medical applications. Modern experimental approaches and current models will be emphasized.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

207, 207L. Animal Behavior.

Fall. Credits: 4, 1.

Degree Requirements: F2i, F11.

An evolutionary and ecological approach to questions of why and how animals behave as they do. Emphasis is on how traits help individuals maximize the survival of genes within them. Laboratories will involve quantitative data collection in both the laboratory and field.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L. Biology 200 recommended. Math 111 or equivalent suggested.

209. Embryology.

Spring. Credits: 4.

A study of the morphological changes that occur in animals from fertilization of an egg to birth. This anatomically-based course will focus on the development of the major organ systems and body plan of vertebrates, including comparisons of developmental patterns among vertebrates and understanding what happens when the patterns are disrupted to produce birth defects. Class meetings will be predominantly lecture with some laboratory work. (Course normally offered in alternate years; anticipated for 2015-2016.)

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

212. Environmental Issues in Southern Africa.

Spring. Credits: 2.

An interdisciplinary examination of the environmental issues of a region of the world famous for its captivating scenery, immense richness and dire scarcity of natural resources, and cultural diversity of its people. Special attention will be devoted to the role of parks and community-based conservation projects in achieving a balance between people’s needs and wildlife conservation. By itself, this course does not satisfy an upper-level requirement for the Biology major; when combined with Biology 214 it satisfies a requirement for an upper-level course with laboratory, or combined with Biology 213 is satisfies a requirement for an upper-level course without laboratory. Class meetings will be predominantly lecture with some laboratory work. (Course offered pending student demand.)

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L; or Biology 120.

213. Environmental Issues in Southern Africa Tutorial.

Spring. Credits: 2.

This course is intended for students who are taking Biology 212 and want to earn 2 additional credits to fulfill the requirement for an upper level Biology course without lab. Students will research relevant issues in the field of conservation biology in southern Africa, such as species conservation, transboundary parks, and human-wildlife conflicts and solutions. A research paper and a final presentation are required. (Note that Biology 213 can only be taken concurrently with 212, but 212 can be taken without 213.)

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

Co-requisite: Biology 212

214. Environmental Field Study in Namibia.

Summer. Credits: 2.

Degree requirements: F11.

An in-country exploration of the major environmental issues of Namibia, one of the world’s most arid and most beautiful countries. Students will spend three weeks in the region, visiting different ecosystems, such as the Namib Desert, dry thornveld savannas, and the Kalahari sands. They will meet with indigenous people, NGOs, and governmental officers involved in local environmental issues. Elephant and cheetah tracking can be part of the educational experience during this field study trip. This course emphasizes critical thinking and interdisciplinary learning and is meant to challenge students’ world-view to enable them to increase their awareness and knowledge of our global society. (Course offered pending student demand.)

Prerequisite: Biology 212.

220. Parasitology.

Fall. Credits: 4.

A study of parasites from protozoa to parasitic insects and their human diseases. This course will focus on the organism’s life cycle, the molecular basis of disease, and on how the immune system reacts to the parasitic infection. For comparison, infection with and response to viral, bacterial, and fungal parasites will be reviewed. A discussion on the socio-economical impact of parasitic infections will be included in some of the lectures. (Course normally offered in alternate years; scheduled for 2013-2014.)

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

253, 253L. Plant Genetics and Diversity.

Fall. Credits: 4, 1.

This course will showcase the dynamic inner workings and rich evolutionary history of the plant kingdom. Topics to be covered include the genetics underlying morphological form and function, plant responses and adaptations to the environment, the biomechanics of plant anatomy and physiology, evolutionary history, taxonomic diversity, and interactions between people & plants. Examples of laboratory activities include characterizing the genetics behind environmental responses, looking at hormonal pathways with transgenic plants, and learning to identify the rich diversity of plants in our Memphis area. (Course normally offered In alternate years; anticipated for 2014-2015.)

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

301, 301L. Microbiology.

Spring. Credits: 4, 1.

The study of microorganisms from all major organizational perspectives (genetics, physiology, phylogeny, etc.). Principal emphasis will be placed on prokaryotic microorganisms and the importance of their basic metabolic patterns in defining the roles that they play in nature (focusing on the cause of disease). The laboratory emphasizes the development of skills in isolation and characterization of bacteria.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

304, 304L. Genetics.

Spring. Credits: 4, 1.

The study of the transmission of genetic factors in humans and eukaryotic model systems. Principal emphasis will be placed on the analysis of heredity, genes as functional units, and phenotypes resulting from regulated gene expression. Laboratory exercises include experimental genetic screens, genomic approaches and their analysis.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

307. Cell Biology.

Fall. Credits: 4.

An advanced treatment of the structure and function of eukaryotic cells. Major emphasis will be placed upon the roles played by biological membranes in cell nutrition and energy transduction; on processes of signal transduction; on the roles of the cytoskeleton in cell structure, motility, and reproduction; on mechanisms that regulate the cell cycle and cell death; and on mechanisms that regulate intracellular trafficking. Optional laboratory credit is available by taking BMB 310 (see Biochemistry and Molecular Biology program under Interdisciplinary Study).

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L.

315, 315L. Ecology.

Fall. Credits: 4, 1.

A broad study of concepts in the science of ecology. This course stresses the biotic and abiotic interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms. The laboratory component consists of both on-campus laboratory work and intensive field experiences including at least one overnight outing. Students with organismal and environmental interests desiring a field component are encouraged to participate. Occasional Saturday and weekend field trips are required.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L; or Biology 120 and Chemistry 120.

320, 320L. Conservation Biology.

Spring. Credits: 4, 1.

An interdisciplinary examination of the science of conservation of biological diversity at gene, population, species, and ecosystem levels. Learning the theories and practice of conservation biology and critically evaluating strategies adopted to prevent loss of biodiversity are the main objectives of this course. Laboratories and field work are designed to make the students familiar with research methods and tools used by conservation biologists.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L; or Biology 120 and Chemistry 120.

325, 325L. Molecular Biology.

Spring. Credits: 4, 1.

A study of the structure and function of genes at the molecular level. Topics include the synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins and the mechanisms of gene expression and control in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. An emphasis will be placed on the design, analysis, and interpretation of classic and contemporary experiments. The laboratory component will teach the student how to conduct and interpret experiments in molecular biology including isolation of DNA, gel electrophoresis, recombinant DNA cloning, and DNA sequencing within the context of specific projects.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L.

330. Virology/Immunology.

Fall. Credits: 4.

Approximately one quarter of the course is devoted to Virology, including the structural basis for classification of viruses and both viral and host aspects of virus infection and replication. The remainder of the course provides an overview of the vertebrate immune system, focusing mainly on specific mechanisms of cellular and humoral immunity.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

340, 340L. Animal Physiology.

Fall. Credits: 4, 1.

A study of the organs and organ systems of animals using both physical and chemical relationships to describe their functional activities and roles in controlling the animal’s internal environment. Although primary emphasis will be placed on the vertebrates, the diversity of physiological adaptations of invertebrates will also be examined. Laboratory investigations will include studies of the nervous system responses to external stimuli, functional diversity of vertebrate muscles, regulation of vertebrate cardiac activity, blood pressure and respiration, and regulation of vertebrate salt and water balance. Laboratory experiments will involve the careful and humane use of live vertebrates as research models. Laboratories are scheduled for 4 to 5 hours each week.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

345, 345L. Ornithology.

Fall. Credits: 4, 1.

A field-based course examining how the study of birds has informed our understanding of the natural world. Topics include the ecology, conservation, behavior, biogeography, and evolution of birds. Labs provide hands-on experience with avian research methods, focusing especially on survey techniques and identification of local species. A strong emphasis is placed on experiencing local avifauna in their natural habitats through field trips, and students will spend considerable time in the field observing the natural history of birds. Occasional Saturday and weekend field trips are required. (Course normally offered in alternate years; anticipated for 2014-2015.)

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L; or Biology 120 and Chemistry 120.

350, 350P. Comparative Vertebrate Morphology.

Fall. Credits: 4, 1.

A comparative approach to the study of vertebrate anatomy, emphasizing evolution, development, and functional significance. This course focuses on the morphological patterns shared by vertebrates. Laboratories will involve dissection of representative vertebrates. Two lecture sessions and not less than 4 hours of lecture/practicum per week.

Prerequisites: Biology 140, 141L.

360, 360L. Histology.

Fall. Credits: 4, 1.

A study of the microscopic features of animal cells, tissues and organs. This course emphasizes the relationship between microscopic form and function starting with a brief overview of cells and progressing through the different mammalian organ systems.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

365, 365L. Advanced Topics in Biology

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4 or 4, 1.

Introduction to selected advanced biology topics. Topics vary with instructor. May be repeated for credit when topics differ. Course offering may or may not have a laboratory credit associated with the class. Not offered every year. Course may include the equivalent of 3 hours of laboratory each week.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L. (Biology 120 and Chemistry 120 may serve as prerequisites for some offerings when used to satisfy Environmental Science major requirements. Consult the professor offering the course.)

375. Neuroendocrinology.

Spring. Credits: 4.

An exploration of reciprocal interactions between the nervous and endocrine systems: how the brain regulates endocrine homeostasis, and how developmental and daily/seasonal changes in hormone levels bring about changes in neural structure and function. These themes will be covered in an integrative manner that includes analysis at molecular, cellular, systems, and organismal levels. Topics will include gonadal hormones and neural sex differences during development and adulthood, the hippocampal-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis, circadian and circannual rhythms, neuroendocrine regulation of appetite and thirst, and neuroendocrine regulation of social behaviors.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

380. Topics in Biomedical Science.

Fall or Spring. Credits: 4.

A topical exploration of the connection between basic biomedical science and its clinical significance. Four topics are covered during the semester. Each topic is taught by a St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital post-doctoral fellow; a Rhodes faculty member directs the course. Each topic consists of a presentation of pertinent background information on basic scientific principles, reading and discussion of secondary and primary literature within the research area of the post-doctoral fellow, and discussion of potential clinical significance of the research.

Prerequisites: Biology 130, 131L and 140, 141L.

451-452. Research in Biology.

Fall-Spring. Credits: 1-4.

Qualified students may conduct original laboratory or field research in biology. A student may use four credits of research or a combination of two credits from BMB 310 combined with research credit to total four credits to satisfy one of the upper level requirements in Biology. Students may earn a maximum of four credits of BIOL 451 plus 452. Interested students should consult the appropriate Biology faculty member. At least three hours per week per credit, weekly conferences with faculty sponsor, written report at the end of the semester.

Prerequisite: Permission of a sponsoring faculty member.

453. Advanced Research in Biology.

Fall-Spring. Credits: 1-4.

Qualified students may continue original laboratory or field research in biology past the four credits gained in BIOL 451 and 452. BIOL 453 credits may not be used to satisfy upper level course requirements. Interested students should consult the appropriate Biology faculty member. At least three hours per week per credit, weekly conferences with faculty sponsor, written report at the end of the semester.Prerequisites: Four credits of BIOL 451/452; minimum GPA in the major of 2.5; permission of a sponsoring faculty member.

460. Internship in Biology.

Fall-Spring. Credits: 3-4.

Degree Requirements: F11.

The Internship Program is designed to introduce students to practical applications of their academic work. Students may work off campus under professional supervision in fields related to the biological sciences, such as health care, laboratory diagnosis, forensics, environmental protection, agriculture. Students will be required to integrate academic and work experiences in a written report due at the end of the internship. No more than 4 credits per semester for no more than two semesters; at least three hours involvement per week per credit. Pass/Fail credit only. Biology 460 does not satisfy an upper level Biology course requirement for the major.

Prerequisites: Permission of the departmental internship program director.

461. Internship in Biology.

Fall-Spring. Credits: 1-2.

Similar to Biology 460, but does not require a written report and does not fulfill an F11 degree requirement.

Prerequisite: Permission of the departmental internship program director.

485-486. Senior Seminar.

Fall-Spring. Credits: 4.

All Biology majors are required to enroll in Senior Seminar during one semester of their senior year. Senior Seminar is intended to be a broad, integrative experience in Biology, requiring both oral and written work.

495-496. Honors Tutorial.

Fall-Spring. Credits: 4-6, 4-6.

Open to candidates for Honors in Biology. Includes supervised honors research in a biological field of study. General information may be found in this Catalogue under Honors Program. Specific information related to Honors in Biology may be found on the departmental website under Courses.

Prerequisites: Minimum GPA of 3.5 and departmental permission.




PLEASE NOTE: This document reflects information as it was published in the 2013-14 Rhodes Catalogue. You may find more current information elsewhere on rhodes.edu.