My research program is currently focused on using modern chemical methods to characterize prehistoric rock paints. We use a variety of analytical techniques including XRF, SEM-EDS, XRD, LA-ICP-MS and GC-MS to study these enigmatic artifacts. The primary goals of our studies are to determine what materials were used to construct the paints, where these materials came from, and how they were processed into paints. We are also very interested in when the paintings were produced, which we determine using radiocarbon analysis of organic matter in the paint.
- Chemistry 120 - FOUNDATIONS OF CHEMISTRY
- Chemistry 120 - FOUNDATIONS OF CHEMISTRY LAB
- Chemistry 240 - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
- Chemistry 240 - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY LAB
- Chemistry 406 - INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS
- Chemistry 451 - INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH
- Chemistry 452 - INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH
Russ, Jon, Joseph McPeak Mary Pohl, Chris von Nagy, Heather Hurst & Marvin W. Rowe (2013) Physicochemical Study of Black Pigments in Prehistoric Paints from Oxtotitlán Cave, Guerrero, Mexico. Submitted to Archaeological Chemistry (Ed. R. A. Armitage) American Chemical Society Press (in review).
Bu, Kaixuan, James V. Cizdziel & Jon Russ* (2013) The Source of iron-oxide pigments used in Pecos River Style rock paints. Archaeometry (in press, online version: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/arcm.12011/pdf.
Russ, Jon, Kaixuan Bu, Jeff Hamrick & James V. Cizdziel (2012) Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry analysis of Lower Pecos rock paints and possible pigment sources. In Collaborative Endeavors in the Chemical Analysis of Art and Cultural Heritage Materials (Eds. Ruth Ann Armitage & Patricia Lange) American Chemical Society Press, Washington, DC, pp. 91-121.
Hess, Darren, Dana Jo Coker, Jeanette Loutsch & Jon Russ (2008) Production of Oxalates In Vitro by Microbes Isolated from Rock Surfaces with Prehistoric Paints in the Lower Pecos region, Texas. Geoarchaeology 23, 3-11.
Spades, Sarah & Jon Russ (2005) GC-MS analysis of lipids in prehistoric rock paints and associated oxalate coatings from the Lower Pecos Region, Texas. Archaeometry 47, 113-124.